- ATHUL MURALI
- ABHIJITH P C
- SREERAG M
Supervisor:Asst.Prof. SANGEETH PT
Wells are the most useful tool invented by manhood. In early days, human habitats were concentrated mostly on river banks for easier access of water. Hints of these are available in ancient civilizations. Wells are invented as a very useful tool to access ground water. By invention of wells, human habitats were able to move inland. Since then, wells have been an important tool in life. It is estimated that there are almost 13 million open wells in India. Normally, an open well requires periodic cleaning for purification. As being a filter between atmosphere and ground aquifer, there are encrustations being formed at the bottom of the well. Also there is formation of Bacteria in the water. Due to these problems, a well in use is cleaned periodically by draining the water and excavating the encrustation. After removing the excavation, the well will be available for use within a day.
At present, regardless of the technological advancements taking place in the world, cleaning these wells still remain conventional. For cleaning the wells, water in the well is drained completely and workers enter the well. After reaching the bottom of the well, the laborers dig and excavate the encrustation. The excess is then manually removed from the well. Entering the well is a dangerous situation and accidents may occur due to equipment failure or asphyxiation. Also, process takes 4-6hrs for completion.
So to make use of technology to make the process efficient, this project propose a system combining a pump to remove encrustation, along with an apparatus for cleaning the well and lowering the pump. Using this, laborers don’t have to enter the well and whole process takes less time than the conventional process.